Teenagers with ADD and ADHD
For teens growing up with ADHD or ADD, daily routine or activities can be a struggle. Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) is primarily characterized as having an impulsive and inattentive nature. Teens who are suffering from ADHD or ADD are extremely talkative, active, restless and fidgety.
They usually forget things easily, have difficulty paying attention and interrupt others. Generally, they encounter the consequences of speaking or acting without thinking. Read through and find more information about ADD/ADHA in teenagers and how can you cope with this disorder.
Signs and Symptoms of ADD/ADHD:
Although ADD/ADHD starts in childhood, it is rarely diagnosed till a person reaches the teen years and sometimes even until adulthood. The reason is that ADD/ADHD covers a broad category that includes activity, impulsivity and attention. It can even show different signs in different individuals. Following are some the most common signs and symptoms of ADD/ADHD.
- Having difficulty paying attention, or having difficulty in staying focused on a particular activity or task.
- Having problems in completing assignments at home or school and switching from one activity or assignment to another.
- Having difficulty in following through or focusing on instructions.
- Forgetting things easily, such as work assignments or homework.
- Easily distracted when doing some work or activity, even when doing some fun activities.
- Usually make careless mistakes because they have problems paying very close attention to details.
- Having problems in organizing activities and tasks.
- Having trouble waiting one’s turn.
- Intruding upon or interrupting others.
- Bursting out with answers before questions are fully asked.
- Fidgeting with feet or hands when seated.
- Having difficulty in playing or engaging in leisure activities quietly.
Risks and Dangers of ADD/ADHD
- According to “ADD/ADHD Information Library” teenagers with ADD/ADHD are more likely to indulge in sexual promiscuity, drug and alcohol use, shoplifting. They are more likely to run away from home and sufferfrom eating disorders.
- Teens with ADD/ADHD are more prone to traffic accidents or car accidents.
- They are more likely to contract sexually transmitted diseases and experience teenage pregnancy.
- They are more prone to many psychiatric disorders, like obsessive-compulsive disorder, anxiety and depression disorders. Moreover, they are more likely to be caught for a felony.
Tips for Teenagers with ADD/ADHD
- Avoid sitting next to windows in class, or sitting next to other students in class.
- Maintain one assignment notebook and note down all your due dates, tests, assignments or homework and appointments. And, check it everyday.
- Teens with ADD/ADHD should discuss with their teachers or parents and ask for more help and understanding.
- Try making audio notes with tape recorder or phone and review them again and again.
- Be physically active.
- While studying, try reading out aloud by using an expressive voice.
- Learn to express your feelings positively and make others understand how you feel.
- You can also join an online help or support groups.
- Try talking to a therapist about negative feelings.
How is ADD/ADHD Treated?
There may be no exact cure for ADD/ADHD. Doctors usually treat people with ADHD by helping them to control the symptoms most effectively. For some people may find more problems with the attention side, while others may have more trouble with the activity side of the disorder. Therefore, different individuals with ADD/ADHD may have different treatments.
Usually, doctor’s follow a multimodal approach to ADD/ADHD treatment, which means they use various treatment methods for different individuals, such as individual and family counseling, medication or changing learning styles at school.
There are certain medicines that can help with ADD/ADHD by reducing the hyperactivity and impulsiveness associated with ADHD, and improves their attention and focus.
- Stimulant medications have been successfully used to treat patients with ADD/ADHD. Some of the common stimulants include Dexedrine, Focaline, Retalin, Adderall,Metadate and Concerta.
- While stimulants are generally the first choice for treating ADHD, there are many different non-stimulants that may be prescribed. Some of them are tricyclic, bepropion, atomoxetine and bupropion.
However, it is very important for every individual on ADHD medication to be medically directed. Medical dosages, side effects, effectiveness of medication, etc. should be monitored by a professional doctor.